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Topic 10A – The lexicon. Characteristics of word-formation in english. Prefixation, suffixation, composition

BEFORE STARTING THE UNIT, DO THIS SELF- EVALUATION TEST. ANSWER YES, NO, OR A BIT: (initiation activity) (learn to learn activity)

– Can I use the imperative?

– Can I pronounce correctly the expressions ‘let’s’ or ‘shall we…’?

– Can I use the vocabulary related to countries, nationalities, buildings or transportation means?

– Can I use ‘there is/ there are’?

Teacher Notes (TN): after this evaluation test, the teacher will ask every student (it is an all together activity) questions related to the topic. Students will be elicited to answer with the previous structures. The questions will be of the type: ‘ Are you Spanish?’, ‘ Is there a museum in your town?’. The exercises marked with a red exclamation mark will be especially addressed to students with specific needs, but they will be done by the whole class so we can grade the level of difficulty and control the practice.

!1. Answer the following questions before you read the text:

– What do you think the text is about?

Read the text and find out!


2. answer to the following questions:

– Which is the second largest city in the United States?

– Which city is famous for its casino resorts?

– Which city has a tropical climate?

– What places can you visit in Miami?

– What are the favourite activities for tourists in Los Angeles?

3. Read the text again and find words related to places in the city. Then, translate the text in your notebook.


TN: in this session, students will revise the vocabulary of the unit. The exercises included below can be done by every student, but other resources and worksheets are included.

!1. Match the capital cities and their country:

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!2. Cities quiz. Which city is it?

1. In which European city can you visit the Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame cathedral and the Louvre museum?

2. This modern Asian city is situated on an island. It has many skyscrapers and a mountain called ‘Victoria Peak’. It is a port and an important business centre.

3. This is an important Turkish city situated between Europe and Asia. You can take a boat up the Bosphorus river, see beautiful mosques or visit Sultan’s palaces.

4. This is an American city famous for its welcoming statue, its huge skyscrapers, its shopping on Fifth Avenue and its central park.

5. This is a Russian city which used to be called Leningrad. You can visit the Hermitage art museum or walk along the main street called ‘Nevsky Prospekt’.

6. This is a Chinese city situated on the coast of the East China Sea. It is an important seaport. It is famous as a commercial, industrial and banking centre.

7. This South American city is famous for its carnival. You can take a cable car to visit Sugar Loaf mountain and get a fantastic view of the city.

8. This is a famous Italian city where you can travel around its canals in a special boat called a ‘gondola’. The main sights are Saint Mark’s Square and the Duke’s Palace.

!3. What are the nationalities that correspond to these countries? Match the words in the box. Then, make a list in your notebook.


  1. Egypt _______________
  2. China _______________
  3. Australia _____________
  4. Italy ________________
  5. Spain _______________
  6. Brazil _______________
  7. France ______________
  8. Russia ______________
  9. Canada _____________
  10. United States _______________
  11. Germany ____________
  12. Japan _______________

!4. What are these places? Write the words under the pictures:


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1. _______ 2. ________ 3. __________ 4. _________

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5. ________ 6. _________ 7. ___________ 8. __________

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9. _________ 10. _______

!5. What are the names of these transportation means? Match the words with the pictures.






TN: before starting this lesson, the teacher will explain the first grammar points, that is, the imperative in the affirmative and negative forms together with ‘there is/ there are’ and the structures ‘let’s’ and ‘shall we…?’. Teacher explanations will be used, as well as a dictation of the grammar rules in their native language that they will have to note down in their notebooks. Other techniques used to teach grammar will be power point presentations.

!1. Write the imperative in the affirmative form:

  1. ___________ (do) your homework.
  2. ___________ (brush) your teeth.
  3. ___________ (read) the instructions.
  4. ___________ (turn) right.
  5. ___________ (stop) at the traffic lights.

!2. Write the imperative in the negative form:

  1. __________ (swim) in this lake.
  2. __________ (play) football in the yard.
  3. __________ (talk) during the lesson.
  4. __________ (feed) the animals in the zoo.
  5. __________ (be) late for school.

!3. Write the affirmative or negative form:

  1. __________ (ask) your brother.
  2. __________ (not/ use) a pencil.
  3. __________(hurry) up.
  4. __________ (be) quiet.
  5. __________ (not/ call) the police.
  6. __________ (make) your beds.
  7. Let’s ___________ (help) her mother in the kitchen.

4. Finish this letter using these verbs:


Dear Phil:

____________ and see me next weekend. I’m in a house by the sea. Don’t __________ to bring your swimming costume with you! It is not difficult to find the house. When you get to the crossroads _____________ right and drive to the end of the road. ___________ careful. It is a dangerous road. ____________ some warm clothes. It is cold in the evenings. If I am not at home when you arrive, don’t ______________ for me. The key is under the big white stone in the garden. _____________ the front door and _______________ yourself a cup of tea in the kitchen. See you soon!

5. Put these words in order and form sentences:

1. wet./ Don’t/ the camera/ let/ get _________________________________ .

2. Let’s/ the cinema./ to/ go ______________________________________ .

3. Speak/ that. /like/ Don’t _______________________________________ .

4. Attention/ pay/ to/ her. / Don’t ___________________________________ .

6. Door./ Close/ the _____________________________________________ .

!6. Use the structure ‘Why don’t we…/ Shall we…? To complete these sentences:

– ________________ go to the theatre?

– ________________ play computer games?

– ________________ turn right at the traffic lights?

– ________________ visit the National Gallery?

– ________________ go on a trip tomorrow?

7. Your friend looks very bored. What can you suggest to make him feel better? Use ‘Why don’t we/ Shall we…?’

!8. Dunford is a small town. Look at the information in the box and write sentences with There is/ isn’t/are/aren’t…


1. _____________________________________

2. _____________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

7. _____________________________________


1. Read the words in box and listen to the recording once. Then complete the text.



A year ago, I had an incredible experience. I was going on a trip to _______ and I was at the airport to take a ________ to its capital _________, Athens. When we took off, everything was normal. Suddenly, the sky turned red and I saw three ______ flying towards the plane. I thought the plane was going to crash. However, we landed in a different place. There were ________, trees and rivers everywhere, and a group of centaurs were running and hunting ________! Then I fell asleep and when I woke up, I was at home. Fortunately, it was a __________.

2. translate the text in your notebook.

3. Speaking. Tell your classmate about a travelling experience you had. Your classmate can ask you for more information as you tell the story.

4. Work in pairs. Imagine that you are going on a trip with your classmate. Make suggestions about places you can visit in that place. Write these suggestions down in your notebook.


1. Read this text and look up the words that you don’t understand:

2. Answer these questions about the text:

– What is the name of the island?

– Is Gulliver tired?

– What happens to Gulliver when he wakes up?

– What is the name of the inhabitants of the island?

3. Write in your notebook the words that you don’t nderstand with the correct translation.

4. Write a short text about your favourite trip. You can use these structures:

– I travelled to ……… two years ago/ last summer/ etc.

– I travelled by plane/ car/ etc…

– I visited…

– I had a great/ wonderful/ time

5. Phonetics. Pronunciation of short forms: read them before you listen to the recording. Then, repeat after you hear it.

– Isn’t -aren’t – Don’t – Doesn’t – Mustn’t

– There aren’t – There isn’t – I’m – You’re – He’s

– She’s – Shouldn’t – We’re

!6. Evaluation activity. Do the following test and find out what you know. Answer yes or no.

– Now I can:

– use the imperative.

– pronounce correctly the expressions ‘let’s’ or ‘shall we…’.

– use the vocabulary related to countries, nationalities, buildings or transportation means.

– use ‘there is/ there are’.


TN: In this session we will also make use of the Althia room to revise all the contents taught in the classroom. If we cannot have this room at our disposal, other activities will be programmed so as to take profit of time, for instance, we can practise writing, working on the portfolio or we can read the graded readings programmed for this course.


TN: In this session our students will have to take an oral exam. The teacher will name each student and they will have to answer some simple questions about the topics treated in the classroom during the unit. They will have to show listening comprehension in every question and then they will have to show if they are able to answer correctly.


TN: Students will take the written exam during this session.

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